No. A concussion is a form of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). A concussion or mild TBI occurs from sudden trauma which causes damage to the brain. A hit to the head or body can cause the head to move rapidly back and forth resulting in the brain striking the inside of the skull. The brain’s impact on the interior of the skull can damage the cellular tissue of the brain.
Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Concussion
A concussion or mild traumatic brain injury occurs when a person experiences a change or temporary loss of normal brain function following an impact on the head or body.
It is a type of mild traumatic brain injury resulting from physical trauma. Some examples can include an object striking the head, a person falling, or a serious car accident.
During a concussion, you may not realize that you have even sustained an injury. But for certain people, the effect of the concussion or mild TBI persists for days or weeks.
Multiple subsequent head concussions can significantly increase your risk of experiencing more severe TBI effects and long-term health complications.
Symptoms of Concussions and Mild TBIs
A concussion is a result of bruising when the brain moves and hits the inside of the skull. The severity of concussions is determined by the amount of damage to the brain.
The symptoms may start immediately or gradually. They can occur over a few hours, days, or weeks after the accident.
Although concussion is usually not life-threatening, its effects can range from mild to severe. The effects may include one or more of the following symptoms:
- Headache or a feeling of pressure inside your head
- Neck pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fatigue or weakness
- Feeling drowsy or unable to wake up
- Confusion or disorientation
- Changes in vision
- Changes in behavior, such as irritability, uncontrolled crying, or anxiety
- Memory problems
- Slurred speech
- Loss of consciousness
- Convulsions or seizures
Causes of Concussions and Mild TBI
Any sudden trauma or impact on the head can cause concussions or TBI. The most common causes include the following:
- Falling: When an individual falls, their head could strike the ground. The person may suffer a more serious TBI, depending on the height of the fall. However, falls from a lower level can also result in a brain injury.
- Sports: Any contact sport where you could fall and bump into another player can cause concussions or brain injuries. Some well-known examples include soccer or football.
- Car and truck accidents: A collision of two vehicles can impact the head, causing it to move violently in a different direction. This sudden jolt can lead to TBI.
- Violence: Domestic violence, including a physical assault or violent attack, can result in brain injuries.